Thrombocytopenia is one of many blood disorders where there is a low count of the platelet. According to the medical description, the blood consists of 150,000 to 450,000 of platelets/micro-liter, anything that is high or below the range is considered abnormal; but what does a normal platelet count do? This article aims to uncover how normal platelet count is important to the human body.

What is platelet?

Healthy platelets are essential tiny blood cells that help form blood clots. In a condition where there is a damaged blood vessel, the nervous system reacts to it and sends out signals, encouraging the platelet to rush at the damaged site to form a clot. Once the activated platelets are triggered, it sends out more signals, prompting more platelets to the damaged blood vessel. Also, the sticky protein that is produced by the platelet pulls the clots together, creating a mesh of thread which eventually heals the wall of the blood vessel. These small combined cells and water-based fluid in the blood has a huge role in terms of homeostasis.

What happens if there is a low platelet count?

The severity of the low platelet count or thrombocytopenia depends on its underlying causes. For some, this condition can be fatal if not immediately treated or is undertreated. For instance, a person who is infected with dengue virus develops a decreased platelet count; thus, by having a low platelet count, the patient is at risk of massive internal bleeding, an underlying condition of hemorrhagic dengue fever. Below are the top causes of low platelet count:

  • Problems with bone marrow

All blood components are produced in the bone marrow, which includes the platelets. Thus, if there is a problem, one of the significant clinical signs is having a decreased platelet count. Below are the top bone marrow problems that cause low platelet count:

o Leukemia

o Aplastic Anemia

o Vitamin B-12 Deficiency

o Folate and Iron Deficiency

o Cirrhosis

o HIV, Chicken Pox, and Epstein-Barr Virus

o Myelodysplasia

o Chemotherapy, exposure to radiation and toxic chemicals

o Abnormal destruction of platelets

A healthy platelet can live for 10 days then it becomes a part of the metabolic waste. However, a condition where there are too many platelets that are destroyed can cause low platelet count. This disorder could be a result of:

o Pregnancy

o Dengue

o Autoimmune disease

o Enlarged spleen

o Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

o Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

o Blood Infection

How can it be treated?

In most cases, a patient who is suffering from severe low platelet count, they are treated through platelet transfusion. However, for minor cases, doctors often prescribed drugs, especially if it is related to problems of the immune system. If you want to know some alternative, you may check this website. Platelet count has a huge impact on the human body, which is why, when a person is suffering from decreased platelet count, they have to undergo proper treatment before it can cause serious problems. This is how important normal platelet count is.